Fungi that form indoor mold can have various negative effects on human health. In 1988, Dr. Robert E. Dales and his colleagues conducted a large-scale research study inquiring into public health issues of mold pollution. They found consistently higher levels of respiratory symptoms in Canadian children whose parents reported having mold or dampness in their homes.
It’s also been found that indoor mold pollution can trigger allergies, asthmatic attacks (in those already suffering asthma), respiratory infections, and some sorts of fungi are even proven to be poisonous. In these cases it is highly advised to use professional mold remediation services. Otherwise, here are some great advice to deal with mold yourself.
- Fighting Mold With Bleach
For this to work, you need to make a water solution of bleach using 10 times more water than bleach (10 to 1 ratio). Next, you need to apply the solution to mold growth by a cloth (wearing gloves, off course) or by using a spray-bottle. Also, make sure you have enough ventilation in the room because bleach tends to produce harsh fumes when applied.
Benefit of this solution is that bleach kills existing mold and its spores, leaving the spot sanitized. The problem here is that you may use it only to treat non-porous surfaces such as bathtubs, tiles, countertops and glass.
The same goes for the water solution of ammonia (50% of each), only the toxicity of the ammonia is much greater. WARNING: Never use the combination of these two because they make a highly poisonous gas (used as a chemical weapon in World War II).
- Get rid of Mold With Borax
Borax is also highly effective in mold control. It is harmful only if swallowed, but it doesn’t release any dangerous fumes when applied. It’s already widely used for cleaning bathrooms and drains. Furthermore, borax acts as fungicide as well as an insecticide.
To apply it on moldy surfaces you need to make a solution using one cup of borax per a gallon of water. The application is done best with a scrubbing brush. While you apply the solution, it is recommended that you use a vacuum cleaner in order to reduce the number of spores rising up from the treated surface.
- Cleaning Up Mold With Vinegar And Baking Soda
Vinegar doesn’t kill all indoor species of fungi, that’s why it is best used interchangeably with baking soda since baking soda kills the species left unharmed by the vinegar. Both are pretty safe to use.
Vinegar can be directly applied with a cloth or a spray bottle. Baking soda, however, should be first dissolved in water (a tablespoon per a bottle), and then applied to the surface while scrubbing it with a sponge or a brush. Surface treated with vinegar is best left like that, and treated repeatedly if necessary.
- Natural Ways Of Mold Removal
Tea tree oil can be used to successfully to treat all kinds of mold. It also has an antibacterial effect. Tea tree oil is absolutely safe to use. It’s not cheap method to use, but a tablespoon of tea tree oil is enough per one cup of water. Next, use a spray bottle to apply a solution to a given surface. You don’t need to rinse the treated area afterwards.
Grape seed extract has almost identical features and a similar way of application such as the tea tree oil. The only disadvantage of tee tree oil is its strong smell, but it is bound to evaporate in a few hours.
- Mold Prevention
Many of previously mentioned water solutions are also used to prevent further mold growth. Vinegar and tea tree oil are particularly good with this, so applying some of vinegar on a potentially moldy spot is recommended (the smell should evaporate within an hour).
Other ways of fungi growth prevention can be summed up as – indoor humidity level control. This can be done by fixing all leaks around the house, frequently ventilating and keeping basements and attics as dry as possible.
To conclude, mold has been found to present a significant factor influencing public health through indoor air pollution. Health consequences are mostly felt by children. It is also a frequent cause of allergies and other respiratory problems in all age groups. Here, we give some instructions of effective do-it-yourself mold remediation and prevention strategies. Also, keep in mind that mold pollution can cause serious health problems and that in many cases it is advised to use your local mold remediation experts.